© 2013 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
© 2013 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
© 2013 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
© 2013 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
Place made: Berlin, Germany

Die Schlafenden von Fort Vaux (Gas-Tote) (The Sleepers of Fort Vaux (Gas Victims)), 1924

Etching, aquatint, and drypoint
plate: 24.8 x 29.9 cm (9 3/4 x 11 3/4 in.)
sheet: 35.9 x 47.9 cm (14 1/8 x 18 7/8 in.)
Museum purchase
2001-41
© 2013 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
Karsch 115 1.a
Amid the social decadence of 1920s Berlin, Dix produced an astonishing series of fifty etchings that recall the horrors he had experienced ten years before, as a machine-gunner on the Western Front during World War I. Taking inspiration from Spanish artist Francisco Goya's print series The Disasters of War, Dix exposed the harsh reality and hallucinatory quality of modern trench warfare. He experimented with a variety of etching and aquatint techniques, dipping the plate into an acid bath to expose the areas he wished to show as lines or areas of shadow. The "sleepers"— victims of a gas attack during the Battle at Verdun—become a muddy, indeterminate mass as one progresses into the background,as if the entire scene is being eaten away by acid.