Exhibition | Legacy: Selections from the Gillett G. Griffin Collection

This summer the Art Museum celebrates the life and career of one of its most renowned curators in Legacy: Selections from the Gillett G. Griffin Collection. The exhibition will feature a group of artworks and artifacts from among the thousands donated and bequeathed by Gillett G. Griffin (1928–2016), who served the Museum as Faculty Curator of Pre-Columbian and Native American Art from 1967 until his retirement in 2004. Griffin was not only a respected curator, scholar, and collector but also a beloved teacher and one of the most memorable figures in the history of the University. Among the fifty-five pieces in the exhibition will be Greek, Roman, Egyptian, ancient Near Eastern, Islamic, African, Chinese, Japanese, and Pre-Columbian antiquities, as well as European and American prints and drawings, and a handful of paintings and drawings that attest to Griffin’s own talents as an artist.

Xochipala, Guerrero, Mexico, Standing woman, 400 BC–AD 200. Ceramic with red pigment, 23.5 x 12.9 x 9 cm. Bequest of Gillett G. Griffin Gillett Griffin began collecting antiques and New England children’s books when he was a teenager at Deerfield Academy in Massachusetts. During his final year at Yale University he learned typography and then set, printed, hand-stenciled, and colored eighty copies of A Mouse’s Tale (1951), an award-winning children’s book that he himself authored. The following year the young prodigy was hired by Princeton’s Firestone Library as its curator of graphic arts, a post he held for fourteen years. During this time he operated a print shop in the Library and taught non-credit courses on printing, printmaking, paper, calligraphy, and binding. In the sixties Griffin’s career underwent a sea change when he visited Mexico and saw the remains of the ancient civilizations that had produced the few small Pre-Columbian objects he had collected. With characteristic determination he transformed himself into an expert and connoisseur of Pre-Columbian art and left Firestone to become a curator in the Museum and a lecturer in the Department of Art and Archaeology.

Chinese, Tang dynasty, 618–907, Horse and Rider. Ceramic with polychrome, h. 30 cm. Bequest of Gillett G. Griffin Griffin’s tenure as curator was marked by notable exhibitions. In 1975 it was Jaina Figurines: A Study of Maya Iconography, a small but choice display of terracotta statuettes arising from the senior thesis of his student, Mary Miller, Class of 1975, now the director of the Getty Research Institute. A more ambitious show, in 1978, was Lords of the Underworld: Masterpieces of Classic Maya Ceramics, curated by the distinguished scholar Michael Coe, an exhibition that exerted considerable influence in the fields of Maya epigraphy and iconography. In 1995 Griffin and Museum director Allen Rosenbaum turned their attention to early predecessors of the Maya, mounting the largest and most impressive exhibition of Pre-Columbian art in the Museum’s history, The Olmec World: Ritual and Rulership. Griffin complemented these exhibitions by acquiring for the Museum, through gifts and purchases, hundreds of artifacts from ancient South, Central, and North America. Upon his retirement, the cream of his acquisitions, including many works that he donated himself, were featured in the 2005 exhibition Unexpected Journey: Gillett G. Griffin and the Art of the Ancient Americas at Princeton, which was accompanied by an issue of the Record of the Princeton University Art Museum to which Miller, Coe, and others contributed essays.

Roman, Antonine, Egypt, Mummy portrait of a bearded young man, ca. AD 130–160. Encaustic on wood, 57.8 x 38.7 x 6.3 cm. Bequest of Gillett G. Griffin in honor of Allen RosenbaumThe Legacy exhibition has a different emphasis, celebrating Griffin’s 2016 bequest to the Museum of his personal collection, more than 3,270 objects, of which 2,482 are from the ancient Americas. Among the highlights is a striking terracotta figurine of a woman from Xochipala, Mexico, a precociously naturalistic work made between 400 BC and 200 AD, which is executed in a distinctive style that Griffin was among the first to describe in a groundbreaking exhibition in 1971. Because the exhibition of 2005 focused on the Museum’s existing holdings of Pre-Columbian art, works on view in this area will be drawn exclusively from the 2016 bequest. This allows a spotlight to be cast on the various other areas of the Museum’s collections that have benefited from Griffin’s generosity. Many of these works were acquired by him in the fifties and sixties. The antiquities of Egypt were of particular interest, notably a bold portrait of a bearded man, Roman in date, that was once affixed above the deceased’s mummified head. A trio of horsemen from Cyprus, Mali, and China includes a particularly fine, polychrome rider of the Tang Dynasty. Griffin’s taste for the grotesque is attested by several works, from Mexico to the Mediterranean, among which is a fragmentary Greek clay statuette of the goat-god Pan. Recalling his days as a curator of graphic arts are drawings and prints by such artists as George Romney, Pellegrino Tibaldi, and Winslow Homer.

If you were to ask anyone who knew Gillett Griffin, they would struggle to adequately describe his unique, inimitable character. One imagines him still, a frightful pun on his lips and a cold Manhattan in his hand: open, unaffected, cheerful, indefatigable, and ultimately, incorrigible. He had a talent for friendship, and his departure has left a vacancy in the hearts of his friends and colleagues. With this exhibition, we salute him once more.

J. Michael Padgett
Curator of Ancient Art

Legacy: Selections from the Gillett G. Griffin Collection is made possible with support from the Peter Jay Sharp Foundation; the Donna and Hans Sternberg, Class of 1957, Art Museum Program Fund; Alfred L. Bush; and the Partners and Friends of the Princeton University Art Museum.