Inscribed (by the artist), upper left, in graphite:
Modigliani’s fascination with the female nude resulted in many drawings in various media, often made from the imagination, as well as paintings and one surviving sculpture. Characterized by short, broken strokes and an emphatic stitching line, this graphite example is also distinguished by the artist’s prominent inscription “Anadiomena”—an Italianization of the Greek “Anadyomene,” an epithet for the goddess Aphrodite (or Venus). Her pose is indebted to various Hellenistic sculptures of the Crouching Venus type, which Modigliani could have seen in the Louvre or in various Italian collections prior to his move to Paris in 1906.
Laura Giles, Lia Markey, Claire Van Cleave,et. al., Italian master drawings from the Princeton University Art Museum, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Art Museum; New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014).
Gabriella Belli, Flavio Fergonzi, Alessandro Del Puppp and Clarenza Catullo, Modigliani sculptor, (Cinisello Balsamo: Silvana Editoriale; Rovereto: MART, 2010).
Mason Klein, ed., Modigliani: Beyond the Myth (New York; New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004).