Date, title, and monogram in block, upper right corner: 1515 / RHINOCERVS / AD
Until the first rhinoceros arrived in Japan in 1921, scholars constructed their conceptions of the animal and its appearance solely based on textual and visual descriptions found in Chinese and Dutch sources. One image that circulated widely around the world was Dürer’s print of a rhinoceros. Dürer based his woodcut on a written description of an Indian rhinoceros that had been sent to Pope Leo X by King Manuel I of Portugal. Dürer’s image was then reprinted in Johann Jonston’s Historiae naturalis de quadrupedibus libri (Natural History of Four-Footed Animals), which was published in Amsterdam in 1657.
"Acquisitions of the Princeton University Art Museum 2010," Record of the Princeton University Art Museum 70 (2011): p. 69-110.
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Erwin Panofsky, Albrecht Dürer (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1945).
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